Patient undergoes tests to diagnose a form of blood cancer or other haematological or immune disorder.
Patient’s medical team will decide on the best route for treatment, which includes a blood stem cell transplant.
The patient’s medical team will test the patient’s family. If there is no matching donor in the family, the doctor will ask for a search of the registry database that shows the number of potential, closely matched donors worldwide.
The patient’s doctor will choose the most suitable donor for the patient, based on the level of HLA match and other factors such as age, sex and availability.
Before transplant the patient undergoes additional tests to make sure they are healthy for transplant.
Getting the patient ready for transplant is called a preparative regimen or conditioning regimen. This includes chemotherapy and possibly radiation therapy.
The donated cells arrive at the transplant hospital and are infused into the patient.
During the first 30-100 days the patient will be monitored for post-transplant complications and infections. After transplant, the patient’s blood cell count will begin to go up and their immune system becomes stronger.